Early 19th Century
In 1804 from the desk report of one of Kremenchug’s mayor it has been known that at those times in Kremenchug lived 7,228 people altogether and 533 people were Jews. In contrast with other cities of Malorossiya it was quite a lot. All of them were petty bourgeoisies and were paying 2,283rubels 63kopeiks of capitation taxes. 40 people among Jewish population were craftsmen (there were 264 craftsmen in the city all in all) other Jews were perhaps carrying on a trade.
In the early 19th century the city of Kremenchug was well known in Jewish spiritual environment. Reasonably large Kremenchug was the city of Torah and Jewish wisdom, it was a place rich of well-educated people, where even ordinary people were adepts of Torah and tradesmen and craftsmen were allocating money for studying it. The city of Kremenchug was rightfully named “Jerusalem of Ukraine”.
In “The papers of Poltava Governorate” the work of M. Arandarenko that was written in 1846 he notes that up to now there were construction of Jewish Synagogue, but in 1854 the main Choral Synagogue was built with the help of means from box collection. Its territory took the district between Preobrazhenskaya, Alexandriyskaya, Pavlovskaya and Doktorskaya streets. The amount of preaching-houses was rising alongside. Except for Synagogues there in Kremenchug including Krukov were 23 preaching-houses, Talmud Torah and 3 preaching-schools. Among the praepostors and scholars we can see famous Jewish tradesmen and burghers such as Mosey and Froim Sandomirsky, Aron Fanshtein, Nohim Rabinovich, Isaac Nemets, “hereditary” honorable citizen Evel Rafalovich, Zelman and Ihiel Hurari, Hurevich, Krol. Bachelor of laws Abram Freudenberg was serving as rabbi in Synagogue of Kremenchug. Cantor of Kremenchug Arie Leib Rutman was widely known outside of the city.
Famous Jewish tribune and publicist rabbi Tsvi Hirsha Maslyansky wrote about his feelings while staying in Kremenchug in the late 19th century: “There is a city of Kremenchug between Elysavetgrad and Ekaterinoslav (Kyrovograd and Dnepr nowadays). This city is connected to the first two trading relations but it is deeply distinct from them, it is absolutely other style. Once you are in Kremenchug and meet Jews of that place you don’t feel like you are in Russia, it seems like you are in one of Lithuanian or Belorussia’s cities. You can feel this orthodox mind everywhere ”.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries Jews were already serving various public offices in Kremenchug. That for instance in 1785 due to applying “City position” in Kremenchug handicraft shops were built there. David Haimovich was elected to the post of the first leader of the shmukler shop. This very David Haimovich and Hamshey Tsetlin were elected to the positions of verbal judges in 1795. Tradesman of the 3rd craft union Leyba Hazanovich was serving several 3 year terms as a burgomaster in town council of Kremenchug. Yankel Levin was serving as a ratman. According to data of Poltava governor Averkiev in 1840 in the city of Kremenchug along with trading quarter Krykov lived 2,336 Jewish males and 2,231 females.